Total hip replacement is the procedure in which a physician surgically removes a diseased hip joint and replaces it with an artificial joint called as prosthesis. The artificial joint is made up of a ball component of either metal or ceramic and a socket, which has a liner made of plastic or metal. The artificial implants used in total hip replacement are biocompatible meaning they are designed to be accepted by your body.
Total hip replacement surgery is performed on patients with hip joint damage from osteoarthritis or an injury. The other possible causes of joint deterioration are inflammatory arthritis, hip disorders of infancy and trauma.
Total hip replacement is only recommended when all other conservative treatments fail to yield any result and the patient continues to suffer from significant pain, stiffness or problems with hip function.
Total hip replacement is performed only after the patient is given?? anesthesia. The surgeon makes small incisions over the front side of the hip through tissue layers. The damaged bone and cartilage are then removed from the hip and replaced with appropriate prosthesis. The nature and type of prosthesis depends on the needs of the particular patient and the doctor performing the surgery. This man-made joint is specially designed to function in the same natural, gliding motion as that of an active hip joint.
Physical therapy has a significant role in the recovery process after total hip replacement. Most of the patients are able to stand and even walk the help of a therapist, within 24 hours.
The rehabilitation program normally includes some exercises related to the muscles surrounding the hip joint, as wells as training in activities of daily life (stair climbing, walking, bending). The main objective of this rehabilitation process is to regain strength and motion. Almost 90 percent of the people can resume their normal activities within three to six months. In general, hip replacements last 10 to 15 years or longer and most people are very much satisfied with the result.